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Gestalt therapy is focused on the phenomenological method of awareness, in which perceiving, feeling and acting are distinguished from interpreting and reshuffling of pre-existing attitudes. The focus of the Gestalt therapy dialogue lies in the phenomenological perspectives and the goal is for the client to become aware of what they are doing, how they are doing and how they can adapt themselves and at the same time learn to accept and value themselves.
The basic concepts of Gestalt theory are:
Holism: The idea that individuals are growth oriented, self-regulating and only understandable within the context of their environment.
Existentialism: The focus is on what and how of the behavior and not on why; it works by integrating the fragmented parts of the personality and focuses on completing the unfinished business of the past.
Balance: Balance between individual needs and environment to reflect creative adjustments.
The focus of Gestalt therapy is more on process (what is happening) than content (what is being discussed). The emphasis is on what is being done, thought and felt at the moment rather than on what was, might be, could be, or should be. Gestalt theory recognizes that the background and the forefront change fluidly, in this therapy the patient’s problems are regulated to the background and brought to the forefront through the therapy.